Research Library

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AAISA Research Publications: Final Reports, Bulletins & Briefs
Access & Outreach
Children & Youth
Cultural Competence
Demographics/Statistics
Economy, Fundraising & Volunteering
Evaluation & Measurement
Foreign Qualification Recognition
Government Reports
Health
Human Rights
Integration
Language Acquisition
Non-Profit Capacity
Policy
Refugees

Sector Job Standards and Compensation Standards
Social Capital & Trust
Temporary Foreign Workers

AAISA Research Publications: Final Reports, Bulletins & Briefs

 

Policy Briefing: Federal Budget 2017 Canada’s 2017 Federal Budget, entitled “Building a Strong Middle Class” was tabled in the House of Commons by the Honourable William Francis Morneau, P.C., M.P. Minister of Finance on March 22, 2017. The budget outlines various changes that support increased recognition of foreign credentials, plans to attract global talent, programs to facilitate the entry of foreign workers to Canada, streamlined immigration processes, and initiatives for asylum seekers. It indirectly provides changes for vulnerable groups such as immigrants, and addresses these through a lens that recognizes gender differences. There are a significant number of changes and initiatives that will impact immigrants and the settlement sector, but how these funds will be used and distributed is currently uncertain. AAISA April 2017
Policy Briefing: Alberta Budget 2017 On March 16, 2017, the Government of Alberta released its budget for the 2017 – 2018 period. Although direct focus on immigrants and refugees is largely outside of provincial purview, there is much in this budget that will effectively contribute to the wellbeing of this population and the opportunities available to them in this province. AAISA March 2017
Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program Environmental Scan AAISA undertook an environmental scan to examine the impact of federal policy changes on the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP) and the flow of nominees to the Alberta labour market and communities. The environmental scan examines the current and future factors that have and may continue to influence the program’s development and use. AAISA January  2017
Alberta Settlement and Integration Two-Day Participatory Event Report AAISA convened a two-day participatory consultation from June 27-28, 2016. This report discusses key learnings from the consultation, which fostered meaningful discussion around the current priorities for Syrian refugee resettlement and integration in Alberta. AAISA December 2016
Express Entry and International Students This paper explores international student pathways to permanent residency through the economic immigration system known as Express Entry.  Joe Crowther, AAISA Research and Policy Intern November 2016
Alberta Immigrant Serving Sector Compensation Project Report This report highlights the positive progress made through the project’s research, to the advances made in achieving equivalent salaries for settlement and integration practitioners, in comparison to other human service professionals working in both government and other non-profit sectors. AAISA October 2016
Provincial Needs Assessment: Improving Refugee Resettlement in Alberta Funded by the Government of Alberta, this needs assessment examines the current and future resettlement needs of refugees, the programs and services that support their success, and existing organizational and provincial capacity to do so, in order to better understand resettlement. The assessment includes recommendations that will enable organizations to support refugees as they successfully settle and integrate into communities across Alberta. AAISA October 2016
The Geography of Immigrant (Dis)advantage: Future Strategies and Coalition Building for the Settlement Sector, Housing Agencies, and Policymakers This paper will link the theoretical concepts of the ethnic enclaves and ghetto with newcomers’ experiences in Canadian neighbourhoods, particularly in Alberta, in order to map future housing strategies for the settlement and integration sector, housing agencies and policymakers. Kylee van der Poorten, AAISA Research and Policy Intern October 2016
Interim Federal Health Program Policy Briefing This policy briefing examines the changes made to the Interim Federal Health Program, as well as their impacts on Alberta’s settlement and integration sector. Taylor Shephard, AAISA Research and Policy Intern August 2016
Economic Wellbeing Workshop Report This report outlines evidence collected and lessons learned through sessional workshops to build a case for the impact of employment programming on newcomers, and recommended next steps for practitioners. AAISA June, 2016
AAISA Annual Report 2016 Read about AAISA’s accomplishments during the 2015-2016 fiscal year. AAISA June, 2016
8th Biennial Settlement Conference Report This report highlights AAISA’s signature multi-stakeholder conference held in October of 2015. This year AAISA addressed an evolving environment by hosting the 8th Biennial Settlement Conference in Edmonton Alberta where the theme of Engaging Minds, Creating Sustainability: The Future of Settlement was explored. AAISA March, 2016
Immigrant and Refugee Housing Program This proposal outlines the major considerations of a long-term positive integration strategy that would involve the adoption of a government subsidized detached accessory dwelling unit building program to provide housing for newcomers. Ashley Salvador, Guest Writer February, 2016
HREMF Reducing Racism and Discrimination Barriers for Newcomers From July 2014 – January 2016, AAISA conducted the Reducing Racism and Discrimination Barriers for Newcomers Project, funded by the Human Rights Education and Multiculturalism Fund (HREMF). Through interviews, focus groups and an environmental scan, AAISA gathered resources, tools and information to support professionals working with newcomers to address race-related barriers. To house these resources and create a platform to share best practices, AAISA developed an online Learning Community at aaisalearns.ca. AAISA also delivered training on human rights, multiculturalism and anti-racism, in-person and through the Learning Community. To find out more about the rationale, methodology, results and future of the project, read the Project Brief. Deniz Erkmen, AAISA Research Officer January, 2016
Barriers of Racial Discrimination for Foreign Credential Recognition This paper examines whether systemic racism is a debilitating factor for the assessment and recognition of foreign credentials, as well as a possible factor for diminished employment opportunities for visible minorities in Alberta. Felipe Triana, AAISA Research Intern November, 2015
Federal Election 2015 On Tuesday, October 19th, 2015, the Liberal Party of Canada won the federal election with a strong majority. Preceding his election, Prime Minister Trudeau unveiled a platform that consistently referenced the significance of immigration and the unique contributions newcomers have made to Canada’s development. Following the election, the government has demonstrated that they are devoted to delivering their campaign promises particularly with regards to a compassionate and collaborative plan for Syrian refugee resettlement. At this time, an analysis of the impact of new policies, government stakeholders, and current affairs reveals that while there is uncertainty related to refugee resettlement, conditions are favourable to advance the priorities of Alberta’s settlement and integration sector at the national level.  Caroline Hemstock, Research and Policy Coordinator November, 2015
Alberta Budget 2015-2018 The Government of Alberta released its budget for the period of 2015-2018 on October 2015 . The new budget primarily focuses on the labour market, with an increase of about 43% in the funding of the Ministry of Jobs, Skills, Training and Labour (JSTL). Additionally, support for the non-profit sector, through the ministries of Human Services and Culture and Tourism have also been prioritized. However, there is no explicit mention of settlement programming and services in the Alberta budget. This brief will examine the settlement and integration policy promises made during the provincial election by exploring gaps in the budget and key areas such as employment and community supports. Deniz Erkmen, AAISA Research Officer November, 2015
Courage to Begin: Building Capacity of Immigrant Service Providers and Sexual Health In response to the barriers newcomers face when accessing prevention and sexual health information, AAISA, with the support of Calgary Sexual Health Centre, initiated an environmental scan focused on understanding healthy relationship support for newcomers. This succinct scan is intended to be a motivating influence, a bold conversation starter to propel and inform the important work of supporting sexual health and well-being for newcomers. Prepared by: Dr. Debb Hurlock and Bronwyn BraggUnder the direction of the AAISA Research Committee October 2015
Federal Election 2015 This bulletin provides Alberta’s settlement sector with a quick snapshot of where each political party stands when it comes to immigration, settlement and integration policy. A comparative chart is accompanied by a list of targeted questions and resources. Prepared by: AAISA’s Research and Policy Unit September 2015
Settlement and Integration Services for Francophone Newcomers in Alberta: A Brief Overview This brief explores the history and reality of Albertan Francophone service providers and organizations. It examines services provided in Edmonton, Calgary, Fort McMurray, Grand Prairie and Brooks, as well as discussing the impact of these programs on Francophone newcomers. Additionally, the challenges faced by Francophone newcomers in Alberta are analyzed along with strategies for improvement. Prepared by: Georges Bahaya, Executive Director (CAE); Mamady Camara, Director (CANAF); Beda Kaji-Ngulu, Integration Services Coordinator (CAE)
Translated by: Deniz Erkmen
Under the direction of the AAISA Research Committee
 July 2015
Services d’établissement et d’intégration des nouveaux arrivants francophones en Alberta: Une Brève Présentation Services d’établissement et d’intégration des nouveaux arrivants francophones en Alberta : Une Brève Présentation » explore l’histoire et la réalité des centres d’accueil et des organismes francophones. Il examine les services disponibles à Edmonton, Calgary, Fort McMurray, Grand Prairie et Brooks, ainsi que discuter d’impact de ces programmes. De plus, cette présentation révèle les défis des nouveaux arrivants francophones en Alberta et conclut avec quelques perspectives. Prepared by: Georges Bahaya, Directeur Général (CAE); Mamady Camara, Directeur (CANAF); Beda Kaji-Ngulu, Coordonnateur des services d’intégration (CAE)Under the direction of the AAISA Research Committee July 2015
International Students in Alberta This brief discusses the substantial contributions international students can make to the province through their permanent settlement and integration, and the advantages and obstacles they face in the new Express Entry system. Caroline Hemstock, Under the Direction of the AAISA Research Committee May 2015
2015 Alberta Election This bulletin provides a quick snapshot of where each main political party stands when it comes to settlement and integration policy. A comparative chart is accompanied by a list of questions and resources. This information can be used to guide newcomer serving agencies as they engage with party leaders and candidates during the election at campaign events or via telephone and social media. Caroline Hemstock, Under the Direction of the AAISA Research Committee April 2015
Collaboration in Settlement Policy Development: Experiences from the 2014 Alberta Integration Summit This paper explores a comprehensive and collaborative approach to settlement and integration policy development using public administration frameworks for its analysis. Drawing from the review of the Alberta settlement policy process, recommendations on avenues for system-level improvement are discussed. Deniz Erkmen, Caroline Hemstock, and Milton Alfonso Ortega March 2015
To Extend, or Not to Extend?: The Case for Temporary Foreign Worker Settlement Services in Alberta This brief provides an analysis of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program in Alberta, with special attention paid to the regional delivery of settlement and integration services for Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs). Key areas of interest and recommendations for the enhanced integration of TFWs, through extended service provision, are provided. Caroline Hemstock, Under the Direction of the AAISA Research Committee February 2015
Foreign Qualification Recognition in Alberta This bulletin examines the Foreign Qualification Recognition process in Alberta, through exploration of the challenges, a successful case study and strategic directions. Deniz Erkmen, Under the Direction of the AAISA Research Committee January 2015
Rapport du Sommet sur l’intégration en Alberta Ce rapport porte sur les discussions et conclusions du Sommet sur l’intégration en Alberta, tenu en octobre 2014. Le Sommet a été organisé par l’AAISA et financé par Citoyenneté et Immigration Canada. Le rapport a été rédigé par Gayarti Moorthi (Immigrant Sector Council of Calgary), grâce au soutien rédactionnel de Deniz Erkmen (AAISA), Kristen Blair (ISCC), Milton Ortega (AAISA) et Rennais Gayle (AAISA). La traduction du rapport a été réalisée par Joad Clément, Tr. a.  janvier 2014
Alberta Integration Summit Report A report on the findings from the Alberta Integration Summit, which was organized by AAISA and supported by Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Prepared by Gayarti Moorthi (Immigrant Sector Council of Calgary). Editing Support: Deniz Erkmen (AAISA), Kristen Blair (ISCC), Milton Ortega (AAISA), and Rennais Gayle (AAISA) December 2014
Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act A brief on Bill C24 and its amendments to the Citizenship Act. Allie Wright, Under the Direction of the AAISA Research Committee  June 2014
Western Region Working Group: Environmental Analysis Report As part of strategic planning for the Western Region Working Group, an environmental scan report has been completed. The report is a snapshot of current trends, successes and challenges in the immigration sector across the Western provinces of British Colombia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and the Yukon territory. The contents of this report will help set the foundation for dialogue, strategic planning and stakeholder influence. Prepared by Eileen Kwan & Pat Rice of One Bold Raven Inc.  May 2014
Western Region Working Group: Report Executive Summary A summary of the Western Region Working Group: Environmental Scan Report which highlights national, Western Region, sector, and umbrella organization trends and concludes with a synthesis. Prepared by Eileen Kwan & Pat Rice of One Bold Raven Inc. May 2014
Analysis of the 1st Provincial Settlement and Integration Forum Report  A summary and analysis of cross-sectorial findings from the 1st Provincial Settlement & Integration Forum in Alberta. Written & Produced by the Alberta Association of Immigrant Serving Agencies with primary analysis completed by: Lloyd Wong and Caroline Sommerfield  May 2014
Labour Market Agreements An overview of the Labour Market Agreements, how they are determined, and their impact on funding. Allie Wright, Under the Direction of the AAISA Research Committee March 2014
Expression of Interest: An In-depth Review of a New Immigration Model An in-depth examination of the new Expression of Interest (EOI) immigration model. Lowri D’Sa, Allie Wright, Mamady Camara, Admasu Tachble, and Elzbieta Sawicka December 2013
Expression of Interest: A New Immigration Model An overview of the new Expression of Interest (EOI) System to process and select immigration applications coming into Canada and how its impact on immigrant serving agencies. Lowri D’Sa and Allie Wright, Under Direction of the AAISA Research Committee November 2013
Social Capital and Meaningful Employment Examines what social capital is, its role in employment, and its implementations in immigrant serving agencies. Allie Wright and Joanne Mugambi, Under the Direction of the AAISA Research Committee September 2013

 

 

Refugee Continuum of Care in Alberta

Map of Services in Edmonton The following map outlines the key phases for refugee* movement and resettlement in the municipal continuum of care. For detailed program and service listings at each agency, organization or institution please consult the websites linked. AAISA 2016
Map of Services in Red Deer The following map outlines the key phases for refugee* movement and resettlement in the municipal continuum of care. For detailed program and service listings at each agency, organization or institution please consult the websites linked. AAISA 2016
Map of Services in Calgary The following map outlines the key phases for refugee* movement and resettlement in the municipal continuum of care. For detailed program and service listings at each agency, organization or institution please consult the websites linked. AAISA 2016
Map of Services in Lethbridge The following map outlines the key phases for refugee* movement and resettlement in the municipal continuum of care. For detailed program and service listings at each agency, organization or institution please consult the websites linked. AAISA 2016
Map of Services in Medicine Hat The following map outlines the key phases for refugee* movement and resettlement in the municipal continuum of care. For detailed program and service listings at each agency, organization or institution please consult the websites linked. AAISA 2016

 

Immigrant Sector Council of Calgary (ISCC)

Fostering Housing Security for Calgary’s Newcomers This Learning Notes explores the affordable housing crisis in Calgary, why new immigrants are disproportionately affected by a lack of affordable housing, and what underlying barriers prevent equitable access to housing among new immigrants. ISCC: a project of AAISA July 2015
Where Settlement Lives: An Exploration of Housing Challenges for Newcomers in Calgary The intent of the research was to explore immigrants’ lived experience settling in the existing housing environment in Calgary. The intention was that this investigation could help to identify opportunities to better work together collaboratively, and priorities for systems and policy changes that support
settlement and integration through improved access to housing.
ISCC: a project of AAISA July 2015
Better Employment Outcomes for Immigrants in Calgary: Research Summary In 2014, ISCC received funding from the Government of Alberta to identify areas of need,
strengths, and capacity in services for immigrants’ labour market integration in Calgary. Specifically, the purpose of the project was to understand: what services currently exist in Calgary that strive to help immigrants achieve labour market integration, what are the needs for service provision particularly with consideration of the changing immigrant demographics, labour market contexts, and policies in Calgary, and what collaborative efforts towards labour market integration can lead to better labour market integration for newcomers.
ISCC: a project of AAISA 2015
Blueprint for Calgary’s Settlement Service System Blueprint for Calgary’s Settlement Service System explores opportunities to both systematically strengthen settlement services in Calgary, and increase coordination and collaboration between services to effectively respond to the changing needs of newcomers. The report includes a model which illustrates each service stream (core settlement, employment, language, and community connections), and maps the types of services offered to newcomers within each, as well as the diverse delivery methods used for each type of service. ISCC: a project of AAISA 2015
Labour Market Integration Project The purpose of this report is to present findings drawing from a document analysis, literature review, policy analysis, program inventory, interviews and consultations with immigrant and other labour market sectors in Calgary to improve collaboration in Calgary for better employment outcomes for immigrants. Produced for ISCC, a project of AAISA 2015
Employment Programs Inventory: Programs for Immigrants & Employers The program inventory contains the following sections: English language programs, networking/mentorship programs, job search/interview/resume writing programs, training programs, bridging programs, and programs for employers. ISCC: a project of AAISA 2015
Strategic Actions for Change: Working with Children and Youth of Immigrant Families The report focuses on four areas: strengthening cultural competencies of service-providers that work with children and youth of immigrant families; improving accessibility, alignment, and coordination of services; conducting, accessing, and promoting research to inform policies and
practices; and strengthening relationships with education systems to enhance the development of children and youth.
ISCC: a project of AAISA 2015

Access & Outreach

Recent Immigrants’ Awareness of, Access to, Use of, and Satisfaction with Settlement Services in York Region Recent immigrants’ awareness of, access to, use of, and satisfaction with settlement services in York Region. Lucia Lo, Shuguang Wang, Paul Anisef, Valerie Preston, Ranu Basu, CERIS September 10, 2012
Vibrant Communities 2002-2010 Evaluation Report Report on the initiative Vibrant Communities from 2002-2010. Vibrant Communities September 10, 2012
Information Practices of Ethno-Cultural Communities Examination of information needs, uses and seeking behaviour of new immigrants. Nadia Caidi, University of Toronto April 8, 2012
A Study of the Need for Language Interpretation and Translation Services (LITS) in the Delivery of Immigrant Settlement Programs Final Report 2009 The objective of this study is to review language interpretation and translation services (LITS) related to immigrant settlement services in Ontario. PSTG Consulting Inc. on behalf of Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) & the Ontario Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration (MCI) February 2009

Children & Youth

Social Support Intervention for Sudanese and Zimbabwean Refugee New Parents – Scientific Report   Research findings following an intervention for refugees done in Edmonton and Ottawa. Examines interventions that help refugee new parents adapt to life in receiving countries such as Canada. Faculty of Nursing and School of Public Health, University of Alberta March 18, 2014
Effective Community Response to Immigrant Youth Crime Immigrant youth involvement in gangs is viewed as an increasing problem in Canada. A project to combat gang involvement, known as the Effective Community Response to Immigrant Youth Gang Crime Prevention Project, was conducted in Calgary, Alberta. Public Safety Canada March 4, 2014
Social Support Intervention for Sudanese and Zimbabwean Refugee New Parents – Fact Sheet Fact sheet of research findings examining interventions that help refugee new parents adapt to life in receiving countries such as Canada. Faculty of Nursing and School of Public Health, University of Alberta August 7, 2013
Immigrant Children and Youth in Focus Elaboration on interlinked and complex needs of immigrant children and youth. Hieu Van Ngo and Barbara Schleifer December 7, 2012
Unravelling Identities and Belonging: Criminal Gang Involvement of Youth from Immigrant Families Gang involvement of youth from immigrant families. Hieu Van Ngo November 10, 2012
Age at Immigration and the Education Outcomes of Children Using the 2006 Census, examines the education outcomes of a cohort of immigrants who arrived in Canada as children. Miles Corak, Statistics Canada October 11, 2012
Immigration: For Young Citizens Recommendations are made about how to improve immigration in Canada. Tom Kent October 10, 2012
AlieNation: Racism, Injustice and Other Obstacles to Full Citizenship Racism experienced by immigrant and native-born youth as principle cause of alienation. Patricia Burke Wood, York University; Scot Wortley, University of Toronto/The Ontario Metropolis Centre August 10, 2012
Childhood Immigration and Acculturation in Canada Risks of mental health problems amongst immigrant children. Katholiki Georgiades, Michael H. Boyle, Melissa S. Kimber, Ayesha Rana April 11, 2012
New Start for Youth Study: An Examination of the Settlement Pathways of Newcomer Youth Presents the challenges and issues faced by newcomer youth. Susan S. Chuang, University of Guelph/Canadian Immigrant Settlement Sector Alliance April 10, 2012
Racial Profiling and Systemic Discrimination of Racialized Youth Report on findings of consultations on racial profiling and discrimination in the educational system, youth protection system, and public security sector in Quebec. Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse March 11, 2012
Immigrant Families: Educating Children  Identification of measures immigrant families take and how schools can support these families. Fasal Kanout and Gina Lafortune, Universite de Montreal, Our Diverse Cities No.7, Spring 2010 March 10, 2012
The New Ethnic Identity? Young People on the Prairies Survey of immigrants and native-born young people assessing identity. Jim Frideres, University of Calgary, Our Diverse Cities No.6, Spring 2009 March 9, 2012
New Start: Immigrant Serving Agencies Perspective on the Issues and Needs of Immigrant and Refugee Children and Youth in Canada Recommendations to improve settlement outcomes for immigrant and refugee children and youth in Canada. Susan S. Chuang, University of Guelph/Canadian Immigrant Settlement Sector Alliance March 9, 2012
Youth and Urban Places as Forms of Attachment: A Calgary Study How the city shapes construction of identities and affiliations. Yvonne Hebert, University of Calgary; and Jennifer Wenshya Lee, National Taiwan University, Our Diverse Cities No.6, Spring 2009 March 9, 2012
Migrant Youths’ Educational Achievement: The Role of Institutions This article uses 2009 Program of International Student Assessment data to link institutional arrangements in OECD countries to the disparity in reading, math, and science test scores for migrant and native-born students. It finds that achievement gaps are larger for those migrant youths who arrive later and for those who do not speak the test language at home. Deborah A. Cobb-Clarka, Mathias Sinning and Steven Stillman, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne November 1, 2011
Group Differences in Educational Attainment Among the Children of Immigrants Statistics Canada uses data from the Ethnic Diversity Survey in 2002 to examine group differences in levels of education among children of immigrants and children of Canadian-born parents. It was found that children of immigrants obtain a higher level of education in Canada than children of Canadian-born parents. This difference can be attributed to the higher level of education obtained by immigrant parents than Canadian-born parents. Teresa Abada, Feng Hou and Bali Ram, Statistics Canada January 27, 2011
Towards a New Model of Working with Older Immigrant Youth: Lessons Learned from a Demonstration Project  Youth make up a high percentage of refugees, however there are few programs for refugees geared specifically to youth. The FreeRunning (FR) Program is a program designed to meet the specific needs of immigrant youth and young adults. The most prominent needs identified were language acquisition and employment. The program produced positive results but youth indicated that they desired more occupational training. Raj Khadka, Miu Chung Yan, Trilby McGaw and Lucas Aube, Metropolis British Columbia Centre for Excellence for Research on Immigration and Diversity 2011
Portrait of the Health and Well-being of Newcomer Children and Youth in the Prairies A snapshot of findings from Prairie region sample of New Canadian Children and Youth Study. Lori Wilkinson et al., Prairie Metropolis Centre July 2, 2010
Fostering Acceptance and Integration of Immigrant Students Best practices in school-based initiatives to enhance acceptance and integration of immigrants students. Darren E. Lund, University of Calgary/Prairie Metropolis Centre June 28, 2009
Immigrant Youth and Crime: Stakeholder Perspectives on Risk and Protective Factors Recommendations for programming and policy initiatives to support at-risk youth. Marian J. Rossiter, University of Alberta; and Katherine R. Rossiter, Simon Fraser University, PMC Working Paper     2009
Patchwork Sidelining and Marginalization: Services for Immigrant Youth Critically reviews selected programs and services for immigrant youth in Toronto, Calgary, and Vancouver. Hieu Van Ngo     2009
Immigrant Children in Focus: A Map of Needs, Strategies, and Resources This research focuses on immigrant children in Canada. It seeks to identify the diverse and specific needs of immigrant children, identify services already in place for them, and creates a plan for addresses these issues and meeting their needs in the future. Hieu Van Ngo, Coalition for Equal Access to Education 2004

Cultural Competences

A Guide for Cultural Competency Application of the Canadian Code Ensuring that immigrants are a part of your organization will increase diversity and the effectiveness of your organization in the community. This report uses the Canadian Code for Volunteer Involvement and provides a guide for instituting cultural competence. This can be used by volunteer organizations to recruit Canadian immigrants to join their organization. Douglas Stewart, Deborah Gardner, Carol Gamble, Marisa Gelfusa, Lorrie Hathaway and Susan Smith 2009
Cultural Competence 2008 Resource for assisting and promoting cultural diversity and competence. Hieu Van Ngo/Department of Canadian Heritage 2008

Demographics/Statistics

CIC Facts and Figures-Temporary Residents Statistics on Temporary Residents (International students, Refugee Claimants, and Work Permit Holders). Citizenship and Immigration Canada December 2014
Immigration, Low Income and Income Inequality in Canada: What’s New in the 2000s? This paper documents changes in low-income and high-income rates and in family-income inequality among immigrants and Canadian-born persons over the 1995-to-2010 period. Garnett Picot & Feng Hou, Social Analysis and Modelling Division, Statistics Canada December 2014
CIC Facts and Figures-Permanent Residents Statistics on Permanent Residents (Family Class, Economic Immigrants, Refugees, and Other Immigrants). Citizenship and Immigration Canada November 2014
Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada This was a household survey done in 2011 in order to ascertain demographics in our population. The report provides information about the proportion of foreign-born citizens, languages spoken, religious background, and visible minority status of citizens in Canada. Statistics Canada January 14, 2014
Immigrant Women A report about the characteristics of female immigrants in Canada. Women were more likely to be admitted to Canada as Family Class applications than as Economic Class applicants or as refugees. The majority are married, live with family, live in urban centres, and many are visible minorities. Tina Chui, Statistics Canada May 13, 2013
Immigration in Canada- A Portrait of the Foreign-born Population, 2006 Census Analysis from 2006 Census material of the foreign-born population in Canada. Tina Chui, Kelly Tran and Helene Maheux, Statistics Canada December 7, 2012
Nonimmigrant Mobility Responses to Immigrant Inflows in Canada: a Panel Data Analysis Examines the link between immigrant inflows and nonimmigrant outflows in Canada. Yigit Ayedade July 11, 2012
2010-2050 Alberta Population Projections Population projections for Alberta under three different sets of assumptions. Alberta Finance and Enterprise June 10, 2012
Foreign Nationals Working Temporarily in Canada Explores the characteristics of non-permanent resident workers. Derrick Thomas, Statistics Canada June 10, 2012
Immigration and Diversity in Canadian Cities and Communities Report on quality of life for immigrants in Canadian communities. Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Quality of Life In Canadian Communities Series March 9, 2012
Immigration and Diversity in Canadian Cities and Communities: Backgrounder Summary of report on quality of life for immigrants in Canadian communities. Federation of Canadian Municipalities, Quality of Life In Canadian Communities Series March 9, 2012
Calgary & Region Social Outlook 2010-2015 Short-term forecast to provide insight into demographic changes, planning/budgeting, and decisions impacting municipal policy and local communities. The City of Calgary, Community and Neighbourhood Services February 10, 2012
New Immigrants Examines immigrant satisfaction four years after landing. Rene Houle and Grant Schellenberg, Statistics Canada February 10, 2012
Compares education levels of childhood immigrants and Canadian-born children from 1986-2006. Aneta Bonikowska and Feng Hou, Statistics Canada January 11, 2012
 World Migration Report 2011 The World Migration Report 2011 highlights the need for innovative approaches to the construction of a positive public image of migrants and migration. The report underlines, in particular, the need for the promotion of a better understanding and recognition of the benefits of migration, more evidence-based policy making, and a more effective engagement with migrants themselves. International Organization for Migration December 1, 2011
Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces and Territories This report presents the population estimates for Canada, the provinces and the territories as of July 1, 2011 and analysis of the components of growth estimated between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2011. Statistics Canada September 2011
Quarterly Demographic Estimates: April to June 2011 Includes immigrant arrival numbers as factors of growth. Statistics Canada September 2011
Migration: International, 2009 Reports on the demographic situation in Canada. Anne Milan, Statistics Canada July 2011
 Quarterly Demographic Estimates: January to March 2011 Includes immigrant arrival numbers as factors of growth. Statistics Canada June 22, 2011
Quarterly Demographic Estimates: October to December 2010 Includes immigrant arrival numbers as factors of growth. Statistics Canada March 11, 2011
Profile of Live-in Caregiver Immigrants to Canada, 1993-2009 Examines how the demographic and educational profile of immigrants in the Live-in Caregiver Program changed over time. Philip Kelly, Stella Park, Conely deLeon and Jeff Priest March 2011
2011 Census of Population: Linguistic Characteristics of Canadians Changes in linguistic characteristics of Canadians from the 2011 Population Census. Jean-Pierre Corbeil 2011
Alberta Immigration Progress Report  This publication provides information about current immigration trends in Canada. It begins by identifying a need for immigrants in Alberta and then delves into Alberta’s current immigration policy. It then goes on to describe immigration trends in Alberta, including home countries of immigrants, the immigrant class they arrive under, and their destination in Alberta. Government of Alberta 2011
Quarterly Demographic Estimates: July to Sept 2010 Includes immigrant arrival numbers as factor of growth. Statistics Canada November 10, 2010
Annual Demographic Estimates: Canada, Provinces and Territories 2010 Includes demographic estimates for immigrants. Statistics Canada September 10, 2010
Canada’s Vital Signs 2010 Includes unemployment rates of recent immigrants. Community Foundations of Canada September 10, 2010
Quarterly Demographic Estimates: April to June 2010 Includes immigrant arrival numbers as factors of growth. Statistics Canada September 10, 2010
Quarterly Demographic Estimates: January to March 2010 Includes immigrant arrival numbers as factors of growth. Statistics Canada June 10, 2010
Projections of the Diversity of the Canadian Population 2006 to 2031-Article Article regarding projections of the country’s ethno-cultural makeup. The Daily, Statistics Canada March 9, 2010
Canada Year Book 2008: Ethnic Diversity and Immigration Summarized analysis of diversity and immigration for 2008. Statistics Canada October 9, 2009
Facts and Figures 2008: Immigration Overview- Permanent and Temporary Residents Annual immigration statistics for permanent and temporary residents. Citizenship and Immigration Canada September 9, 2009
Quarterly Demographic Estimates: October to December 2009 Includes immigrantarrival numbers asfactor of growth. Statistics Canada March 10, 2009
Immigration: The Prairie Story Snapshot of immigration trends in the Prairies from 2003 to 2007. Randy Gurlock, Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Our Diverse Cities No. 6, Spring 2009 March 9, 2009
Facts and Figures 2008: Immigration Overview- Permanent and Temporary Residents Annual immigration statistics for permanent and temporary residents. Citizenship and Immigration Canada 2009
Facts and Figures 2007: Immigration Overview- Permanent and Temporary Residents Facts and Figures 2007: Immigration Overview- Permanent and Temporary Residents Citizenship and Immigration Canada November 8, 2008

Economy, Fundraising & Volunteering

 

Alberta Economic Outlook Q2 2015 Summary of Alberta’s predicted economic landscape for the period of April to June 2015. Includes  overview of key Albertan sectors, the labour market, interprovincial migration, and examines the effect of global energy prices in Alberta. ATB Financial, Economics and Research March 31, 2015
Giving and Volunteering Among Canada’s Immigrants This study examines rates of donating and volunteering among immigrants to Canada. Immigrant donors give a larger amount than their Canadian-born counterparts, and are more likely to donate to religious organizations. While more likely to donate, immigrants are less likely to volunteer, and are more likely to volunteer with a religious organization. Derrick Thomas, Statistics Canada May 2, 2013
Satellite Account of Non-profit Institutions and Volunteering  Information on size, scope and nature of the non-profit sector. Statistics Canada December 8, 2012
Social Return on Investment- Key Questions and Answers Introduction to the Social Return on Investment (SROI) concept and approach. City of Edmonton/New Economic Foundation December 8, 2012
Stretched to the Limit- Economic Impact Survey of Alberta’s Nonprofits & Charities Results of the economic impact survey conducted in October 2009. Calgary Chamber of Voluntary Organizations November 9, 2012
Taking Stock In-depth study of financing of nonprofits in Calgary. Calgary Chamber of Voluntary Organizations November 6, 2012
Migration and Immigrants Two Years After the Financial Collapse: Where Do We Stand? Immigration levels following financial collapse. Demetrios G. Papademetriou, Madeleine Sumption and Aaron Terrazas October 10, 2012
Fiscal Transfers to Immigrants in Canada Re-examines the finding of the report from the Fraser Institute on the fiscal burden created by immigrants arriving in Canada between 1987 and 2004, highlighting the errors and inconsistencies in the report. Mohsen Javdani and Krishna Pendakur July 11, 2012
Caring Canadians, Involved Canadians: Highlights from the 2007 Canada Survey on Giving, Volunteering and Participating Provides data on time and monetary contributions made to charities and non-profit organizations in Canada for 2007. Imagine Canada June 9, 2012
Immigration and the Canadian Welfare State 2011 Based on the assumption that recent immigration to Canada has created a “fiscal burden,” proposes that temporary work visas be granted to applicants who have a valid offer of employment. Herbert Grubel and Patrick Grady May 11, 2012
Impact of Current Economic Climate on Alberta’s Nonprofits Survey results on status of revenue sources and impact moving forward. Volunteer Alberta/Calgary Chamber of Voluntary Organizations March 9, 2012
Earnings Gaps for Canadian-Born Visible Minorities in the Public and Private Sectors Examines earning gaps between Canadian-born visible minorities and Whites in the public and private sectors. Feng Hou and Simon Coulombe 2010

Evaluation & Measurement

Calgary Well-Being Report: Immigrants’ Perspectives Drawing from the lessons of other Local Immigration Partnerships across the country, the Calgary Local
Immigration Partnership (CLIP) undertook this project in order to develop some basic baseline indicators so that stakeholders can begin to systematically understand and measure immigrant well-being in Calgary.
ISCC: a project of AAISA March 2015
Educational Attainment of Second-Generation Immigrants: A US-Canada Comparison Using data extracted from the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth for the United States and the 2000 Youth in Transition Survey for Canada, this paper analyses educational outcomes for second-generation immigrants and compares them to those of natives. Xingfei Liu October 2011
The Current State of Multiculturalism in Canada and Research Themes on Canadian Multiculturalism 2008-2010 This research identifies research themes that are important in sustaining multiculturalism in Canada. Regional authors were asked to critique research themes identified in the 2006-2008 report and suggest new research themes for the 2008-2010 report. While there were regional differences, there was a great degree of consistency in themes identified. Will Kymlicka 2010
Splash & Ripple Guide to designing and managing programs based on desired outcomes. Heritage Canada 2008

Foreign Qualification Recognition

Rebuilding Professional Lives: Immigrant Professionals Working in the Ontario Settlement Sector Explores experiences of foreign-born and trained professionals who acquired a new profession in the form of settlement work. Adnan Türegün September 10, 2012
Planning to Work in Canada? An Essential Workbook for Newcomers Information for internationally trained individuals. Citizenship and Immigration Canada March 9, 2012
Health Worker Migration in Canada This paper explores issues of health worker migration by examining the history, geography, and ethics of international recruitment and migration of health workers to Canada with a focus on the experiences of registered nurses from the Philippines. Geertje Boschma, Mark Lawrence Santiago, Catherine Ceniza Choy, and Charlene Ronquillo, Metropolis British Columbia February 1, 2012
What Kind of Tests are Required for Immigrants to Get Hired? Examines tests required of immigrants and Canadian-born in the hiring process and how they vary by ethnoracial group and occupation. John Shields, Philip Kelly, Ann Marie Murnaghan, Stella Park and Maryse Lemoine March 2011
How Does Immigration Class Affect Immigrants’ Experience With Credential Recognition? Credential recognition according to immigration class and gender. Jelena Zikic, Nina Damsbaek, Mai Phan, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Tony Fang, Valerie Preston and Steven Tufts, Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiated June 2010
Building Canada’s Prosperity: Government of Canada Progress Report 2010 Foreign Credential Recognition A report on recognition of foreign credentials in Canada and the progress that has been made in this regard. Government of Canada April 27, 2010
Immigrants Working in Regulated Occupations Comparative attainment of foreign trained immigrants. Danielle Zietsma, Statistics Canada, Perspectives on Labour and Income Vol. 11 No. 2 (Feb 2010) February 2010
Research Capsule: Select Expert Research on Foreign Credential Recognition in Canada Brief summaries and highlights of research projects. Metropolis Canada/Foreign Credential Referral Office, Citizenship and Immigration Canada February 2010
A Commitment to Foreign Credential Recognition: Government of Canada Progress Report 2009 Federal progress and accomplishments. Foreign Credential Referral Office, Citizenship and Immigration Canada 2010
Recognizing Success: A Report on Improving Foreign Credential Recognition Review of government initiatives and recommendations on foreign credential recognition. Report of the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration, House of Commons November 2009
IQAS Fact Sheet Comparing educational qualifications from different countries. Alberta Employment and Immigration September 2009
A Pan-Canadian Framework for the Assessment and Recognition of Foreign Qualifications Strategies to address gaps in immigrant labour market integration. Forum of Labour Market Ministers, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada 2009
Valorizing Immigrants’ Non-Canadian Work Experience Investigation of prior foreign work experience assessment and valorization. Gail Larose and George Tillman, Canadian Council on Learning 2009
Action Plan for PLAR in Canada Proposed strategies for Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR). PLA Centre October 2008
Foreign Qualification Recognition Plan Progress on plan to improve recognition of foreign qualifications. Alberta Employment and Immigration October 2008

Francophone Communities

Rapport de la rencontre de recherche Enjeux et priorités de recherche en immigration francophone Ce projet a été financé par la Direction générale de la recherche et de l’évaluation de Citoyenneté et Immigration Canada dans le cadre de la Feuille de route pour les langues officielles du Canada 2013- 2018 : éducation, immigration, communautés afin de soutenir la recherche sur l’immigration dans les communautés de langue officielle en situation minoritaire. Université Saint-Paul, Ottawa & Citizenship and Immigration Canada Research and Evaluation March 2015
Promising Practices in Francophone Official Language Minority Communities This study focuses on reception and integration strategies associated with Francophone Official Language Minority Communities (OLMCs) in three practice areas: newcomer integration into the workforce, integration into Francophone institutions, and settlement service provision in French. Meyer Burstein, Gerry Clement and Sheila Petty December 2014
Pratiques identitaires et racialisation des immigrants africains francophones en Alberta Cet article explore les pratiques identitaires de la première génération d’immigrants africains francophones en Alberta. Il montre que ces derniers développent de multiples formes d’appartenance à plusieurs groupes sociaux dont les principales manifestations incluent une appartenance collective à la communauté ethnique du pays d’origine et à la francophonie, ainsi qu’à l’ensemble de la société canadienne. La racialisation qui se manifeste sous trois formes de discrimination, à savoir linguistique envers les Francophones au Canada, raciale dans l’ensemble de la société canadienne et raciale au sein de la communauté francophone, a un impact majeur sur les pratiques identitaires des immigrants. L’article souligne que ces multiples identités se concrétisent dans le but d’acquérir un capital social qui pourrait soutenir les démarches d’intégration sociale et économique des immigrants. Amal Madibbo 2010

Government Reports

2014 Annual Report to Parliament on Immigration Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, the government is required to write a report on the status of immigrants in Canada annually. This report provides information about achievements in immigration in Canada, the current status of certain programs and issues, and provides a plan for immigration in 2015. Citizenship and Immigration Canada October 31, 2014
2013 Annual Alberta Labour Market Review A review of Alberta’s labour market in 2013 by categories such as employment, unemployment, economic regions, migration, and demographics. Government of Alberta February 2014
Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship New study guide for Canadian citizenship test. Citizenship Study Guide, Citizenship and Immigration Canada November 9, 2012
Alberta Graduate Outcomes Survey Class of 2009-2010: Publicly Funded Institution Graduates A survey of Fall 2009 and Spring 2010 graduates of parchment and non-credit designated programs from Alberta’s post-secondary institutions. Findings from this study inform institutional planning and are used in results reporting. Alberta Enterprise and Advanced Education October 30th, 2012
Report on Plans and Priorities 2009-2010 Identifies strategic outcomes and program activity architecture. Citizenship and Immigration Canada March 9, 2012
AEI 2008-09 Highlights Summarized performance results. Government of Alberta September 2011
Evaluation of the Provincial Nominee Program To address the complexity of the Provincial Nominee Program, this national evaluation addresses questions related to relevance and performance. Citizenship and Immigration Canada Research and Evaluation Division September 2011
Evaluation of the Federal Skilled Worker Program  Reviews capacity of voluntary organizations to evaluate their work. Michael H. Hall, Susan D. Phillips, Claudia Meillat and Donna Pickering, Voluntary Sector Evaluation Research Project August 2010
Best Practices in Settlement Services Study of best practices in program delivery and support to settlement organizations. Report of the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration, House of Commons March 2010
Employment and Immigration Mandate Letter Mandate of Minister in context of government’s business and fiscal plans. Alberta Employment and Immigration February 2, 2010
Employment and Immigration Business Plan 2010-13 Outlines priorities and performance targets of the Ministry in Alberta. Alberta Employment and Immigration January 20, 2010
Annual Report to Parliament on Immigration 2010 Recent CIC activities and initiatives, and announces immigration plan for 2011. Citizenship and Immigration Canada 2010
Report of the Auditor General of Canada to the House of Commons- Chapter 2: Selecting Foreign Workers Under the Immigration Program Examines how CIC plans for and manages permanent and temporary workers programs. Office of the Auditor General of Canada Fall 2009
AEI Annual Report 2008-2009 Accountability statement, financial statements and comparison of actual performance results to desired results. Government of Alberta September 2009
Employment and Immigration Business Plan 2009-12 Outlines priorities and performance targets of the Ministry in Alberta. Alberta Employment and Immigration March 19, 2009
Annual Report to Parliament on Immigration 2009 Annual report on CIC’s immigration activities and initiatives. Citizenship and Immigration Canada 2009
The Government of Canada Action Plan to Reform the Administration of Grant and Contribution Programs Response from Government of Canada on the Independent Blue Ribbon Panel Report of December 2006. Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat May 2008
Annual Report to Parliament on Immigration 2008 Annual report on CIC’s immigration activities and initiatives. Citizenship and Immigration Canada 2008
The Newcomer’s Guide to Canadian Housing A comprehensive guide developed to assist newcomers to Canada in finding housing. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation 2007
From Red Tape to Clear Results Recommendations to make program delivery more efficient while ensuring greater accountability. Independent Blue Ribbon Panel, Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat December 2006

Health

Making Communities Stronger: Engaging African Communities in a Community Response to HIV/AIDS in Calgary Final report of 3 part study. David Este and Catherine Worthington, University of Calgary; Jessica Leech, AIDS Calgary December 9, 2012
Canadian Guidelines for Immigrant Health Summary of clinical preventive care recommendations for newly arriving immigrants and refugees to Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal June 10, 2012
Immigrant and Refugee Communities in Winnipeg Final report on project engaging newcomer families in dialogue and education about intergenerational communication and sexual and  reproductive health. Sexuality Education Resource Centre, Manitoba April 10, 2012
Age at Migration, Language and Fertility Patterns Among Migrants to Canada Explores the fertility decisions of Canadian immigrants. Alicia Adsera and Ana Ferrer March 11, 2012
Beyond Settlement: Strengthening Immigrant Families, Communities and Canadian Society Through Cultural Brokering Work of multicultural health brokers in Edmonton to support communities with increased immigration. Yvonne Chiu and Lucenia Ortiz, Multicultural Health Brokers Co-operative; and Ruth Wolfe, University of Alberta, Our Diverse Cities No. 6, Spring 2009 March 9, 2012
What Do We Know about Immigrant Seniors Aging in Canada? The three working papers included in this set are part of the Public Health Agency of Canada-supported research initiative that aims to fill some of the knowledge gaps relating to the health of immigrant seniors. Research-based knowledge about how immigrant seniors are aging compared to the Canadian-born population in Canada could better inform policy decisions and the design and implementation of programs. Edward Ng, Daniel W.L. Lai, Aliza T. Rudner and Heather Orpana, Ryerson University February 1, 2012
Do Not Disturb/Please Clean Room: The Invisible Work and Real Pain of Hotel Housekeepers in the GTA Immigrant women’s health in the hotel housekeeping sector. Sirena Liladrie January 10, 2012
Community-Based Perspectives on the  Political Economy of Immigrant Health: A Qualitative Study This research explores community-based perspectives on the political economy of immigrant health. It seeks to examine and clarify the relationship between three bodies of knowledge: the political economy perspectives on population health, the academic public health literature on the health of immigrant populations in Canada, and profession-based knowledge related to the provision of health and social services to immigrant communities at the level of community health centres in the city of Toronto. Faraz Vahid  Shahidi, The Wellesley Institute December 1, 2011
Official Language Proficiency and Self-Reported Health among Immigrants to Canada New immigrants to Canada initially report better health than does the Canadian-born population. Limited ability to speak English or French has been identified as a possible factor in poor health. This analysis explored the relationship between self-reported official language proficiency and transitions to poor self-reported health. Edward Ng, Kevin Pottie and Denise Spitzer, Statistics Canada. October, 2011
Taking a New Collaborative Approach to Refugee Health in Nova Scotia This report evaluates relevant literature and reflects on the vision of ISIS in developing a new approach to refugee health care, including the formation of a Halifax refugee health clinic. Meighan Mantei, Immigrant Settlement and Integration Services (ISIS) June 1, 2011
Improving Mental Health Services for Immigrant, Refugee, Ethno-Cultural and Racialized Groups: Issues and Options for Service Improvement This paper focuses on increasing access to mental health services for immigrants of Canada. The difficulty lies in the fact that the immigrant population, their rates of growth, and their individual needs vary by province. The key to improving access to mental health is developing plans specific to different regions while taking into account different groups’ individual needs. Emily Hansson, Andrew Tuck, Steve Lurie and Kwame McKenzie, Mental Health Commission of Canada 2009
 Providing for the Sexual Health Needs of Canadian Immigrants: The Experience of Immigrants from Iran This paper focuses on immigrants from Iran. While the majority of Canadians receive sexual health education in junior and high school, adults immigrating from other countries may not have received any sexual health education prior to arriving in Canada. Results indicated that Iranian immigrants have trouble adjusting to the open sexuality in Canada, and are hesitant to ask their doctors questions about sexuality due to embarrassment, difficulties communicating their sexual problems in English, and cultural misunderstandings. One alternative way to provide sexual health information to Iranian immigrants is by creating a website in Farsi that allows people to ask questions and receive emailed replies. Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale, Khosro Refaie Shirpak and Maryam Chinichian  2007
Understanding Immigrants’ Reluctance to Use Mental Health Services: A Qualitative Study from Montreal Fifteen West Indian immigrants to interviewed in order to discern barriers to accessing mental health services. Immigrants were hesitant to access medical care as they felt that doctors relied too much on medication, and didn’t have enough time to address their problems. As well, there was a belief among those interviewed that non-medical interventions were more effective at alleviating their issues. Rob Whitley, Laurence J. Kirmayer and Danielle Groleau 2006

Human Rights

Calgary HR Initiative Workforce Needs Survey Assessment of the non-profit sector workforce environment in Calgary. Most employers know that diverse teams foster creativity and innovation, as well as improve decision-making. For Canada to remain globally competitive, we have to broaden our thinking and truly integrate skilled people who may not have Canadian experience, credentials or references. Calgary Chamber of Voluntary Organizations/United Way September 9, 2012
Anti-Racism and Anti-Discrimination for Municipalities Provides direction for municipalities to start or improve anti-racism and anti-discrimination initiatives. Ontario Human Rights Commission May 10, 2012
Racial Profiling Information Sheet Information sheet on racial profiling and discrimination. Alberta Human Rights and Citizenship Commission March 2012
Protected Areas and Grounds under the Human Rights, Citizenship and Multiculturalism Act Information sheet on the Human Rights, Citizenship and Multiculturalism Act. Alberta Human Rights and Citizenship Commission February 2012
Welcome to Canada. Now what? Unlocking the Potential of Immigrants for Business Growth and Innovation Diverse ideas and solutions come from people with different experiences and perspectives. Official Bill 44 document. Deloitte & Touche LLP, Legislative Assembly of Alberta November 2011
The Causes and Consequences of Re-trafficking: Evidence from the IOM Human Trafficking Database Exploratory analysis of known re-trafficking cases. Alison Jobe 2010
Stereotyping, Prejudice and Discrimination Info Sheet Information on stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination. Alberta Human Rights and Citizenship Commission March 2007

Integration

The Age of Wisdom: Giving Voice to Edmonton’s Immigrant Seniors and Identifying Their Needs
This needs assessment summarizes the available demographics of the immigrant and refugee senior population and consultation with service providers to determine how well existing services meet the needs of this population in Edmonton and makes recommendations for enhancing existing services.
Zenev and Associates August 2015
Calgary Well-Being Report: Immigrants’ Perspectives
Drawing from the lessons of other local immigration
partnerships across the country, the Calgary Local
Immigration Partnership (CLIP) presents basic baseline indicators so that stakeholders can begin to systematically
understand and measure immigrant well-being in
Calgary.
Gayarti Moorthi (ISCC), Semiyu Aderibigbe, and Heather Schmidt March 2015
Migrant Workers and the Problem of Social Cohesion in Canada An examination of the effects of the TFWP on social cohesion of migrant workers. Alison Taylor and Jason Foster 2015
Municipal Roles in Immigrant Settlement, Integration and Cultural Diversity This article examines municipal government roles in immigrant settlement, integration and cultural diversity in six of Canada’s most diverse cities. Livianna S. Toussitti September 2012
Migrant Workers in Canada Used and Abused This four-page document is meant to be used for awareness-raising and public education concerning the problems faced by migrant workers in Canada. Canadian Council for Refugees January 2012
Multiculturalism: Perspectives from Australia, Canada and China 2011-Conference Proceedings These are the peer-reviewed proceedings of a conference which brought together leading educators from Australia, Canada, and China at the University of Sydney on November 21, 2011. Lesley Harbon and Lindy Woodrow (Editors), the University of Sydney December 1, 2011
Settlement Experiences of Family Class Immigrants in a Small City: Kamloops, British Columbia The study seeks to increase stakeholders’ knowledge base about, and understanding of, the settlement experiences of family class immigrants in a small city. Julie Drolet and Jeanette Robertson, Metropolis British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Diversity December 1, 2011
Divergent Trends in Citizenship Rates among Immigrants in Canada and the United States This paper addresses two issues. Among immigrants, is there a labor market benefit associated with becoming a citizen of the host country? Do differences between the two countries in individual and source region characteristics of immigrants account for this widening citizenship rate gap? Garnett Picot and Feng Hou, Statistics Canada October 2011
Precarious Housing and Hidden Homelessness among Refugees, Asylum Seekers, and Immigrants The research compares the housing situations and needs of immigrants and refugees in Montr̩eal, Toronto and Vancouver. Robert Murdie and Jennifer Logan, CERIS – The Ontario Metropolis Centre August 2011
What are Immigrants’ Experiences of Discrimination in the Workplace? Examines which immigrants are more likely to face discrimination in general and in the workplace. Valerie Preston, Jeanette Chua, Mai Phan, Stella Park, Philip Kelly and Maryse Lemoine May 2011
The Concentration and Effect of Training and Education on Weekly Wages and Job Satisfaction Using Florida’s (2002) Occupational Classes This study uses the Longitudinal Study of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC) to describe basic trends in new immigrant integration into the Canadian labour force. Vasiliki Bednar, Adrienne Davidson and Brittany Stief, University of Toronto April 2011
Families with Teenagers: Resource Manual for Immigrant Parents and Teenagers This resource is designed to help immigrant parents and teenagers recognize the cross-cultural issues of teenage development. Calgary Immigrant Women’s Association January 1, 2011
Ethno-cultural and Immigrant Co-operatives in Canada Information is provided about currently existing ethnocultural and immigrant cooperatives. 73 were identified, the majority were between the ages of 1-10 years old, and were found  mainly in large cities. Information about the functions of these cooperatives and other resources are also provided. Patti Giovanni 2011
Integration and Multiculturalism: Ways towards Social Solidarity Ways that groups and individuals engage inter-culturally in plural societies. Explores the meaning of integration and multiculturalism. John W. Berry, Queen’s University 2011
Starting on Solid Ground: The Municipal Role in Immigrant Settlement Municipal governments play a key role in helping newcomers settle into Canadian life. Marni Cappe, Federation of Canadian Municipalities 2011
Settlement of Newcomers to Canada Canadian Social Work Journal special issue on policy and settlement practice with immigrants and refugees. Canadian Association of Social Workers Fall 2010
Lifting All Boats: Promoting Social Cohesion and Economic Inclusion in the Toronto Region Explores economic advantages of inclusive communities and leveraging talents of new Canadians. Toronto Board of Trade June 2010
Religious Organizations and the Integration of Immigrants, Refugees, and Temporary Foreign Workers: An Annotated Bibliography and List of Community Organizations An annotated bibliography compiling research on the role religion plays in the integration of immigrants in Canadian society. A list of religious agencies involved in the integration process for newcomers is also provided. Paul Bramadat and Susie Fisher 2010
Outcome: Positive Social Ties and Vulnerable Populations Best practices for social inclusion. Family and Community Support Services Calgary Research Brief No. 4 June 2009
Experience of Discrimination by Visible Minorities in Small Communities Study of the lived experiences of racial minorities in small town settings. Daniel W. L. Lai and Nedra Huffey, University of Calgary, Our Diverse Cities No. 6, Spring 2009 2009
The Experience of Ethnocultural Communities in Supporting Newcomers in Edmonton This study seeks to explore the success of immigrant and refugee communities in providing support to newcomers. Multicultural Coalition for Equityin Health and Wellbeing 2009
The Face of the New West: An Emerging Identity Crisis in Stampede City Concern for exclusion in Calgary’s increasingly diverse population. Derek Cook, City of Calgary, Our Diverse Cities No. 6, Spring 2009 2009
Integration and Settlement on the Canadian Prairies Historical review of immigration in the Prairies region. Fariborz Birjandianand and Rob Bray, Calgary Catholic Immigration Society, Our Diverse Cities No. 6, Spring 2009 2009
Municipal Roles in Immigrant Integration: The Edmonton Experience Municipal supports for integration in Edmonton. John Reilly, City of Edmonton, Our Diverse Cities No.6, Spring 2009 2009
Public Education and Partnership: Commission Initiatives to Build Welcoming Communities and Combat Racism and Discrimination in Alberta Overview of educational programs and partnership initiatives. Cassie Palamar, Alberta Human Rights and Citizenship Commission, Our Diverse Cities No.6, Spring 2009 2009
Snapshots from Edmonton: Immigrants in a Rapidly Changing City Importance of holistic integrated practice. Jim Gurnett, Edmonton Mennonite Centre for Newcomers, Our Diverse Cities No.6, Spring 2009 2009
Creating Opportunities -Optimizing Possibilities: Immigrant and Refugee Co-operatives in Canada This paper is a starting point for a discussion about the role the co-operative sector can play in assisting immigrants and refugees in Canada and the role that the immigrant and refugee community can itself play in revitalizing Canadian communities through the co-op model. It discusses the strengths that immigrants and refugees bring to Canada as well as the barriers they face in their goal to create new lives for themselves and their families. Canadian Community Economic Development Network September 24, 2007
Exploring the Educational Role of Immigrant Service Organizations Role of immigrant service organizations in settlement and adaptation. Shibao Guo and Yan Guo, University of Calgary August 10, 2007
Making Up for Lost Time: Immigrant Voter Turnout in Canada Voter turnout for Canadian-born citizens, long-term immigrants, and recent immigrants is compared, while taking into account levels of education and income. While education, income, and political interest make a Canadian-born citizen more likely to vote, these factors don’t seem to impact levels of voting among immigrants to Canada. Instead, it appears that age matters more for voter turnout for immigrants. Steven White, Neil Nevitte, Andre Blaise, Joanna Everitt, Patrick Fournier and Elisabeth Gidengil, Elections Canada December 2006

Labour Market Outcomes

Labour Market Assessment 2014 This report provides an assessment of the current state of the Canadian labour market indicators by examining labour market indicators relative to trend, trends in wages and compensation, and the evidence of labour shortages and skill mismatches. Randall Bartlett and Helen Lao March 25, 2014
Alberta Labour Force Profiles: Immigrants in the Labour Force This report examines the labour force profiles of immigrants in Alberta through analysis of labour force statistics, employment by industry and occupation, full and part-time employment rates, and average hourly wages. Government of Alberta 2014
Why Do Immigrant Workers in Australia Perform Better Than in Canada? Is it the Immigrants or Their Labour Markets? Examining Australian and Canadian Census data between 1986 and 2006, the authors find that the superior employment and earnings outcomes in Australia are not driven by differences in broader structural and macro economic labour market conditions affecting all new labour market entrants. Rather, the results from comparing immigrants from a common source country (either the United Kingdom, India, or China) suggest that the advantage, particularly in earnings, primarily reflects a difference in the source country distribution of Australian immigrants. Moreover, the recent tightening of Australian selection policy, most notably its use of mandatory pre-migration English-language testing, appears to be having an effect primarily by further shifting the source country distribution of immigrants away from non-English-speaking source countries. Andrew Clarke and Mikal Skuterud December 2012
More Education, Less Employment: Immigrants and the Labour Market Educational attainment and barriers to employment among immigrants. Canadian Council on Learning October 8, 2012
Citizenship Acquisition, Employment Prospects and Earnings: Comparing Two Cool Countries This paper analyses the citizenship effect on both employment probabilities and the relative employment income of immigrants in two countries, Canada and Sweden. Pieter Bevelander and Ravi Pendakur July 2012
Fiscal Transfers to Immigrants in Canada: Responding to Critics and a Revised Estimate New evidence does not provide any grounds for optimism that the offspring of recent immigrants are going to be able to earn enough to compensate current and future generations of Canadians for the fiscal transfers made to their parents by existing Canadians. This study also presents new evidence showing that immigrants who were admitted mainly on the basis of pre-arranged jobs have superior economic performance, which supports the policy recommendation made in the 2011 study. Patrick Grady and Herbert Grubel, Fraser Institute March 15, 2012
Migrant Educational Mismatch and the Labour Market This paper reviews the literature on educational mismatch of immigrants in the labour market of destination countries. Matloob Piracha and Florin Vadean, The Institute for the Study of Labor March 1, 2012
Immigrants and Low-Paid Work: Persistent Problems, Enduring Consequences This paper investigates the costs and consequences of low-paid work for immigrants. Using data gathered during four community-led focus groups, the authors examine why immigrants tend to become trapped in low-income jobs and identify potential strategies and solutions for overcoming social and economic disadvantage. Jennifer Jihye Chun and Amanda Cheong, Metropolis British Columbia, Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Diversity December 1, 2011
Do Admission Criteria and Economic Recessions Affect Immigrant Earnings? According to this study, skills-assessed economic immigrants have had consistently higher earnings than other classes of immigrants. Canada should therefore reverse the decline in the number of immigrants admitted into the skilled worker category. Michael G. Abbott and Charles M. Beach, The Institute for Research on Public Policy (IRPP) November 8, 2011
Why Do Some Employers Prefer to Interview Matthew, but not Samir? New Evidence from Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver In earlier work, findings suggested significant discrimination by name ethnicity and city of experience.This follow-up study focuses more on achieving a better understanding of exactly why this type of discrimination occurs. Philip Oreopoulos and Diane Dechief, Metropolis British Columbia September 2011
Continuity of Employment for Immigrants During the First Four Years in Canada Examines how employment histories of immigrants vary by demographic characteristics, immigrant class and pre-migration occupations. Valerie Preston, Marshia Akbar, Mai Phan, Stella Park and Philip Kelly August 2011
Immigrant Earnings Differences Across Admission Categories and Landing Cohorts in Canada This study uses longitudinal Immigration DataBase (IMDB) micro data to document the annual earnings outcomes of Canadian immigrants in four major admission categories. Michael G. Abbott and Charles M. Beach, Queen’s University August 2011
Economic Recession and Immigrant Labour Market Outcomes in Canada, 2006-2011 Examines how Canada’s recession affected the Canadian-born and immigrants’ labour market outcomes from 2006-2011. Philip Kelly, Stella Park and Laura Lepper July 2011
Canada’s Colour Coded Labour Market: The Gap for Racialized Workers This study uses Census data from 2006 to reveal the differences in labour market successes between racialized and non-racialized workers in Canada. Sheila Block and Grace-Edward Galabuzi March 2011
Seeking Success in Canada and the United States: The Determinants of Labour Market Outcomes Among the Children of Immigrants Recent research on determinants of labour market outcomes of children of immigrants in Canada and US. Garnett Picot and Feng Hou, Statistics Canada March 2011
Do Highly Educated Immigrants Perform Differently in the Canadian and US Labour Markets? Compares changes in wages of new immigrant workers and their domestic counterparts from 1980-2005. Aneta Bonikowska, Feng Hou and Garnett Picot, Statistics Canada January 2011
Gender, Immigration, and Labour Market Integration: Where We Are and What We Still Need to Know The success of female immigrants in Canada’s labour market is lower than that of their male counterparts. This paper explores existing literature on this gap and makes recommendations moving forward. Evangelia Tastsoglou and Valerie Preston 2011
Does Returning to School after Immigration Affect Labour Market Outcomes for Immigrants? Labour market performance for immigrants who enrolled in school following arrival to Canada. John Shields, Mai Phan, Fang Yang, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, Valerie Preston, and Steven Tufts, Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiative March 2010
Economic Vulnerability and Ethnicity in Canada’s Metropolitan Workforce Summarized findings and implications of report. Fernando Mata, Citizenship and Multiculturalism Branch of Citizenship and Immigration Canada March 2010
How Do Gender and Country of Birth Affect Labour Market Outcomes for Immigrants? Participation rate, unemployment rate and earnings relative to country of birth and gender. Valerie Preston, Nina Damsbaek, Philip Kelly, Maryse Lemoine, Lucia Lo, John Shields and Steven Tufts, Toronto Immigrant Employment Data Initiative January 2010
Immigrant Low-Income Rates: The Role of Market Income and Government Transfers Long-term trends in incidence of low income among immigrants. Garnett Picot, Yuqian Lu, and Feng Hou, Perspectives on Labour and Income Vol. 10 No. 12 (Dec 2009), Statistics Canada December 2009
Why Do Skilled Immigrants Struggle in the Labor Market?A Field Experiment with Six Thousand Resumes Effect of name origin, foreign vs. Canadian work experience, and foreign vs. Canadian education on labour market success. Philip Oreopoulos, Metropolis British Columbia/Universityof British Columbia/NationalBureau of Economic Research/Canadian Institute For Advanced Research May 2009
Why Do Skilled Immigrants Struggle in the Labor Market? A Field Experiment with Six Thousand Resumes: Policy Briefing Notes Summarized findings and implications of report. Philip Oreopoulos, Metropolis British Columbia/Universityof British Columbia/National Bureau of Economic Research/Canadian Institute For Advanced Research May 2009
The 2008 Canadian Immigrant Labour Market: Analysis of Quality of Employment Measurement of job safety, remuneration, stability, satisfaction, skills development and work-life balance. Jason Gilmore, The Immigrant Labour Force Analysis Series, Statistics Canada 2009
Exploring Linkages Between the Country of Post-Secondary Education Completion and Labour Market Activity of Immigrants in Canada Effect of post-secondary training in Canada or abroad on workers. Fernando Mata, MetropolisBC/Department of Canadian Heritage September 2008
Exploring Linkages Between the Country of Post-secondary Education Completion and Labour Market Activity of Immigrants in Canada: Policy Briefing Notes Summarized findings and implications of report. Fernando Mata, MetropolisBC/Department of Canadian Heritage September 2008

Language Acquisition

Literacy Matters: Helping Newcomers Unlock Their Potential Labour market challenges of limited language and literacy skills. TD Bank Financial Group September 9, 2012
Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada Part II: Portrait of the Mobility of Canadians in 2006 Trends in the inter provincial mobility of immigrants. Statistics Canada July 8, 2012
Language Skills and the Social Integration of Canada’s Adult Immigrants The authors conclude that although language proficiency is important, so are pragmatic skills and opportunities to interact with those who speak English or French. In particular, lack of proficiency in an official language combined with inadequate access to cultural knowledge can lead to limited opportunities for immigrants to fully participate in Canadian society. Tracey Derwing and Erin Waugh, Institute of Research on Public Policy May 31, 2012
The Retention of Newcomers in Second and Third Tier Cities in Canada Examination of geographic mobility of refugees in Alberta. Harvey Krahn, Tracey M. Derwing and Baha Abu-Laban, University of Alberta/Prairie Metropolis Centre May 3, 2012
Recent Evolution of Immigrant Language Transmission in Canada How immigrant-language transmission evolved between 1981 and 2006. Rene Houle, Statistics Canada June 7, 2011
Adult Refugees and Newcomers in the Inner City of Winnipeg: Promising Pathways for Transformative Learning English as an additional language for adult newcomers, drawing from the perspectives of refugees and immigrants, service providers, educators and administrators. Karen Magro and Parvin Ghorayshi, University of Winnipeg February 2011
Early Bilingualism: Children of Immigrants in an English-Language Childcare Centre  Development of a second language has detrimental effects on development of their parents’ native language in regards to children of immigrants. Mothers are more committed to teaching their children their native language than are their fathers. A website titled my language.ca has been developed to support and inform parents about their children’s dual-language development. Roma Chumak-Horbatsch 2010
Toronto Childcare Centres: A Language Profile This study explores the language composition in childcare centres among children aged 18 months to 5 years of age in Toronto. A survey was sent home with children asking what languages were spoken at home. ‘English only’ was the most common response, with ‘minority language’ following close behind. Roma Chumak-Horbatsch 2010
Language Matters: A Policy-Research Seminar on Language Acquisition and Newcomer Integration Importance of language proficiency for integration in labour market. Metropolis Canada/Library and Archives Canada October 22, 2009
Recent Trends in Migration to Third-Tier Centres in the Prairies Review of recent data for migration to and from smaller Prairie centres. Lori Wilkinson and Alison Kalischuk, University of Manitoba, Our Diverse Cities No. 6, Spring 2009 March 2009
An Analysis of Immigrant Attraction and Retention Patterns Among Western Canadian CMAs Factors impacting relocation decision and responses for retention. Valerie Pruegger, University of Calgary/City of Calgary; Derek Cook, City of Calgary, Our Diverse Cities No. 6, Spring 2009 2009
Working with Young Children who are Learning English as a New Language Concepts and strategies for early childhood professionals. Government of Alberta 2009
Reclaiming Voice: Challenges and Opportunities for Immigrant Women Learning English Proficiency rates and issues in language acquisition for immigrant women. Kenise Murphy Kilbride and Vappu Tyysk November 2008
An Introductory Look at the Academic Trajectories of ESL Students Comparative study of language proficiency and academic achievement. Bruce Garnett, University of British Columbia; Charles Ungerleider, Canadian Council on Learning February 2008
An Introductory Look at the Academic Trajectories of ESL Students: Policy Briefing Notes Summarized findings and implications of report. Bruce Garnett, University of British Columbia; Charles Ungerleider, Canadian Council on Learning February 2008
Initial Location Choice of New Immigrants to Canada Determinates in initial choice of provincial destination. Ather H. Akbari and Jennifer S. Harrington, Saint Mary’s University 2007
Gender Differences in Language Acquisition and Employment Consequences among Southeast Asian Refugees in Canada There is a gender gap in levels of language acquisition between immigrant women and men in Canada. Refugee men are more likely to be fluent in English or French after immigrating to Canada. Men were more likely to speak English upon arrival to Canada, and this gap widened over the years. It is suggested that men have more opportunities to learn English, and thus are more likely to participate in the labour market. ESL classes can improve levels of language acquisition for women. Norton Beiser and Feng Hou 2000

LGBTQ

Mental Health Challenges for LGBT Asylum Seekers in Canada An information sheet for service workers who work with LGBT asylum seekers in Canada. Sexual minorities face more mental health issues, stresses and strains than the majority heterosexual population. LGBT refugees may face even more mental health strain as they may have been excluded or isolated in their home country. The paper provides information about mental health issues faced and barriers to mental health services. Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights January 2015
The Settlement and Integration Needs of Francophone LGBTQIA Immigrants and Refugees in Ontario This needs assessment report reveals the urgent need for French-language information and welcoming services to support Francophone LGBTQIA immigrants and refugees’ settlement and integration in Ontario. Erika Gates-Gasse and Julie Lassonde, FrancoQueer and OCASI January 2015
Envisioning LGBT Refugee Rights in Canada: The Impact of Canada’s New Immigration Regime Protecting Canada’s Immigration System Act (Bill C-31) has implications for LGBT asylum seekers in Canada. According to the authors, this act has a negative impact on the wellbeing of LGBT asylum seekers. The act has human rights issues that negatively affect all refugees, but also LGBT refugees in particular. Recommendations are made in regards to improving outcomes for LGBT refugees and meeting our international obligations. Rohan Sasjani, Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights 2014
LGBTQ Immigrant Exclusion: An Introduction An exploration of the need for settlement services for lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and queer (LGBTQ) newcomers. Johanna Laing 2008
Pathways to Gender Justice  A gender-based tool kit for people working in the immigrant and refugee serving sector in Canada.  Canadian Council for Refugees  2006
Coming Out to Canada: The Immigration of Same-Sex Couples Under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act allows for homosexual individuals to sponsor their spouses (common-law, conjugal, or marital) for immigration to Canada. However, despite changes in the law that support the immigration of same-sex couples, there do remain possibilities for discrimination within the system. Individual workers involved in the immigration system can act upon their prejudices to bar same-sex couples from being reunited. This article examines the history of same-sex partner immigration to Canada, and the barriers that remain to equal immigration. Nicole LaViolette 2004

Non-profit Capacity

Pioneers in Justice: Building Networks and Movements for Social Change This case study shares many of the rich stores and lessons emerging from the Pioneers in Justice initiative, as these young leaders work to scale their impact and build social movements through the power of social media and networked action. Heather McLeod Grant, Levi Strauss Foundation 2014
Putting Compensation Data to Work: How a Network of Community-Based Organizations Created Consistent and Competitive Compensation Community-based organizations creates a consistent and competitive compensation scale. HR Council for the Non-Profit Sector March 11, 2013
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act Official Act document. Department of Justice December 9, 2012
Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations Official Regulations document. Department of Justice December 9, 2012
Leadership Diversity in the Nonprofit Sector: Baby Steps, Big Strides, and Bold Stances Despite the overwhelming advantages of leadership diversity, the research found that visible minorities continue to be underrepresented in non-profit boards in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). While visible minorities make up 40 percent of the GTA’s population, only 15.6 percent of the 4,254 board positions examined are held by visible minorities. Christopher Fredette, Carleton University June 6, 2012
A Workforce Strategy for Alberta’s Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Identifies ways to address staff recruitment and retention in the sector. Alberta Employment and Immigration April 8, 2012
Annual Diversity Report Card 2010 Statistics on the diversity of Canadian Boards in nonprofit and private sectors. Canadian Board Diversity Council December 2010
Challenging Perceptions & Misconceptions of Alberta’s Voluntary Sector Realities and perceptions of Alberta’s voluntary sector. Calgary Chamber of Voluntary Organizations June 2010
Strategic Drivers of Alberta’s Nonprofit Sector This paper explores the strategic drivers of Alberta’s nonprofit sector. Marc-Elie Scott, Institute for Nonprofit Studies, Mount Royal University June 2010
Reconfiguring Settlement and Integration: A Service Provider Strategy for Innovation and Results Examines the present role of service providers and government in the settlement and integration sector. Meyer Burstein, Canadian Immigrant Settlement Sector Alliance May 16, 2010
Are There Too Many Non-profit Organizations in Alberta Duplicating Services? Facts regarding non-profit organizations in Alberta. Mark Holmgren Consulting Services February 2010
No Small Thing Research Report Exploratory study of strengths and challenges. Calgary Chamber of Voluntary Organizations January 2009
Toward a Labour Force Strategy for Canada Third stage in the Labour Force Study. HR Council for the Voluntary & Non-profit Sector Labour Force Study 2009
The Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector in Alberta: Regional Highlights of the National Survey of Nonprofit and Voluntary Organizations Statistical portrait of Alberta’s nonprofit and voluntary organizations. National Survey of Non-Profit and Voluntary Organizations 2006
Addressing the Leadership Challenge Conclusions and recommendations to maintain non-profit leadership. Peter T. Boland, Peter T. Boland & Associates Inc.; Carlo Jensen and Bruce Meyers, Calgary Centre for Non-Profit Management June 2005
Capacity to Serve Examination of organizational capacity. National Survey of Non-Profit and Voluntary Organizations 2003

Policy

The Refugee System in Canada This Government of Canada website provides information about being a refugee in Canada. It begins by specifying Canada’s stance towards refugees (one based on compassion and humanitarianism). It then goes on to provide information about various programs for refugees in Canada and newcomers in general. Citizenship and Immigration Canada June 12, 2015
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act This website provides access to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act stipulates Canadian policies towards granting immigrant and refugee status. Justice Laws Website June 4, 2015
Collaboration in Settlement Policy Development: Experiences from the 2014 Alberta Integration Summit As part of Canadian Diversity’s “Partnering for Success: Facilitating Integration and Inclusion” issue, this paper explores a comprehensive and collaborative approach to settlement and integration policy development using the New Public Management and New Public Governance public administration frameworks for its analysis. Drawing from the review of the Alberta settlement policy process, recommendations on avenues for system-level improvement are discussed. Deniz Erkmen, Caroline Hemstock and Milton Alfonso Ortega March 2015
Poverty Costs 2.5: Investing in Albertans- Revised Edition This Vibrant Communities Calgary and Action to End Poverty in Alberta updated report on poverty in Alberta contains 60+ updated policy recommendations, as well as suggested approaches to measure and define poverty in a progressive way, namely through the adoption of a General and Child-specific Deprivation Index. Furthermore, the report recommends a place-based approach when developing a poverty reduction strategy since we know that local communities are best-suited to understand their own needs and assets as well as deliver unique programs and services focused on prevention rather than alleviation. Joe Ceci, Janet Eremenko, Laura Conrad, Rachel Hardcastle and Mike Brown January 2015
Western Region Strategic Directions This brief explores the common priority areas identified at the 2014 Integration Summits across the Western Region. It demonstrates the role of umbrella organizations in addressing these priorities and recommendations for future action. Western Region Working Group December 2014
CIC’s 2020 Vision This summary examines the policy recommendations of various provincial umbrella organizations to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) in regards to the National Settlement Program. Five main policy issues were found across the Western Region: Program Eligibility, Program Evaluation, Citizenship, Funding and Partnerships. Western Region Working Group October 2014
Nonprofit Engagement with Provincial Policy Officials: The Case of NGO Policy Voice in Canadian Immigrant Settlement Services An exploration of the role of nonprofit organizations in the immigrant settlement and integration sector in the public policy process in three Canadian provinces: Ontario, British Columbia, and Saskatchewan. Bryan Evans and John Shields 2014
Canada’s Provincial Nominee Immigration Programs: Securing Greater Policy Alignment This policy paper examines Canada’s bilateral agreements known as the Provincial Nominee Program and their regional variations. The paper argues for the development of a unified framework to facilitate coordination and improve policy alignment. F. Leslie Seidle December 2013
Attracting and Retaining People to Rural Alberta: A List of Resources and Literature Review The Rural Development Division of the Government of Alberta outlines the benefits, challenges, strategies and the resources available in the attraction and retention of immigrants to rural areas. Humaira Irshad, Government of Alberta, Rural Development Division January 2013
Federal Briefing Document 2: Executive Summary: Gender Bias in Immigration Criteria Immigration programs in Canada favor traditionally male skills over female skills, making female immigrants reliant on their male partners for entrance into Canada. This can encourage women to remain in abusive relationships. This gender bias needs to be identified and addressed so as to encourage female independence when immigrating to Canada. Ending Violence Association April 2010
From Insecurity to Prosperity: Practical Ideas for a Stronger Canada- Immigration Policy at Maytree Policy ideas to reform immigration. Maytree Policy Insights 2010
From Insecurity to Prosperity: Practical Ideas for a Stronger Canada- Refugee Forum Policy ideas to reform the refugee system. Maytree Policy Insights 2010
From Insecurity to Prosperity: Practical Ideas for a Stronger Canada -Toronto Region Immigrant Employment Council Policy ideas for skilled immigrants and local economies. Maytree Policy Insights 2010
In From the Margins: A Call to Action on Poverty, Housing and Homelessness Recommendations to improve supports for marginalized populations, including newcomers. The Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology, Report of the Subcommittee on Cities December 2009
Adjusting the Balance: Fixing Canada’s Economic Immigration Policies Analysis of recent federal policy shifts. Naomi Alboim, Maytree July 2009
Improving Immigration- A Policy Approach for Western Canada Recommendations to improve the immigration experience. Jason J. Azmier, Canada West Foundation March 2005
Size Matters: Attracting New Immigrants to Canadian Cities The idea of attracting new immigrants to small and medium-sized cities is a pressing political and policy issue. Jennifer Hyndman and Nadine Schuurman, Simon Fraser University October 2004

Refugees

Cessation: Stripping Refugees of Their Status in Canada Using case studies, this report examines the recent increase in applications to strip refugees of their status in Canada through a process called cessation. Canadian Council for Refugees May 2014
State of Immigrant and Refugee Women’s Status in Canada- 2012: A Joint Report This report is a brief summary of some of the major developments in federal policy and practice and their impact on immigrant and refugee women in Canada, covering the five-year period from 2006 to 2011. Canadian Council for Refugees, Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI), Metro Toronto Chinese and Southeast Asian Legal Clinic March 8, 2012
Aceh-Malaysia-Vancouver: Settlement Among Acehnese Refugees Five Years On Settlement outcomes for GARs from Aceh, Indonesia in 2005 and 2009. Lisa Ruth Brunner, Jennifer Hyndman and Chris Friesen, Metropolis BC November 2010
2009 Global Trends Refugees, Asylum-Seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons Annual figures by the UNHCR. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR ) June 15, 2010
Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2009 Patterns and trends in asylum claims during 2009. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNH) March 23, 2010
Fast, Fair and Final: Reforming Canada Proposal for a new approach in the refugee system. Peter Showler, Maytree September 2009
Lives in the Balance: Understanding Current Challenges to the Refugee Process Answers to current questions and concerns about the refugee system. Canadian Council for Refugees May 2009
Refugee Housing Trajectories in Edmonton, Calgary and Winnipeg Data from longitudinal study of recently arrived refugees. Rick Enns, University of Calgary; Tom Carter, University of Winnipeg, Our Diverse Cities No.6, Spring 2009 2009
End the Burden of Transportation Loans Facts and impacts of transportation loans. Canadian Council for Refugees October 2008
State of Refugees: An Introduction to Refugee and Immigration Issues in Canada Summary of refugee and immigration systems in Canada. Canadian Council for Refugees 2008

Social Capital & Trust

Pro-Immigration Canada Social and Economic Roots of Popular Views Majority Canadian support for high levels of immigration has been remarkably stable over time, and it is underpinned by belief in immigration as an economic benefit and pride in Canadian multiculturalism. Jeffrey G. Reitz, IRPP Study. October 2011
Social Capital Formation and Diversity in Canadian Cities: Impacts of Individual and Place-Related Characteristics Examines the impact of individual and contextual influences on the social capital attributes. Fernando Mata, CIC;  Ravi Pendakur, University of Ottawa August 2010
Social Capital Formation and Diversity in Canadian Cities: Impacts of Individual and Place Related Characteristics -Policy Briefing Notes Summarized findings and implications of report. Fernando Mata, CIC; Ravi Pendakur, University of Ottawa August 2010
From Generation to Generation: Utilizing the Human Capital of Newcomer Parents to Benefit Families The paper states that the poor economic outcomes experienced by many newcomers to Canada point to significant cracks in the human capital model of migration. As a result, the authors call upon policy makers to maintain a longer-term focus on social inclusion and the needs of families as opposed to shorter-term labour market goals. Sarah V. Wayland and Michelle P. Goldberg February 2010
Social Capital and the Labour Market Process among New Generation Youth from Visible Minority Immigrant Families Preliminary empirical understanding of actual job search experiences. Miu Chung Yan and Sean Lauer, UBC; Sherman Chan, MOSAIC February 2009
Social Capital and the Labour Market Process among New Generation Youth from Visible Minority Immigrant Families: Policy Briefing Notes Summarized findings and implications of report. Miu Chung Yan and Sean Lauer, UBC; Sherman Chan, MOSAIC February 2009
The Role of Social Ties in the Job Search of Recent Immigrants Examines role of social networks in job search process. Canadian Labour Market and Skills Researcher Network January 2009
The Social Capital Balance Sheet: A Report from the Prairies Comparative study of the state of social capital. Abdie Kazemipur, University of Lethbridge, Our Diverse Cities No.6, Spring 2009 2009
Bridging, Bonding and Trusting Explores whether social capital and trust impact sense of belonging. Patrick W.J. Pearce, Dalhousie University, Atlantic Metropolis Centre Working Paper Series 2008
Social Capital Profiles- Immigrants and the Native-Born in Canada Comparative study of social capital profiles. Abdie Kazemipur, University of Lethbridge 2008

Temporary Foreign Workers

Former TFWs and International Students as Sources of Permanent Immigration An economic analysis of the outcomes of former Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs) and former international students (ISs) are compared to those of Skilled Worker Principal Applicants who have no Canadian experience at the time of landing. Arthur Sweetman and Casey Warman December 2014
Taking the Temporary Out of the TFW Program The Canadian Federation of Independent Business analyses and debunks myths about the shortage of labour and the Temporary Foreign Workers Program. Richard Truscott, Vaughn Hammond, Corinne Pohlmann, Louis-Martin Parent, Amber Ruddy and Ashley Ziai, The Canadian Federation of Independent Business December 2014
Immigration and Internal Mobility in Canada An empirical analysis of the impact of Temporary Foreign Workers and permanent immigrants on interprovincial mobility in Canada. Michel Beine and Serge Coulombe June 2014
Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada: Are They Really Filling Labour Shortages? A policy analysis and commentary asserting that a temporary foreign worker program is unlikely to be a comprehensive solution to labour shortages. The analysis weighs the benefits of filling short-term excess labour demand against the costs of a weakly designed program. Dominique M. Gross April 2014
Mexican Migrant Agrocultural Workers and Accommodations on Farms in Okanagan Valley BC Examines the evidence regarding housing of migrant farm workers in Okanagan Valley, BC. Luis LM Aguiar, Patricia Tomic and Ricardo Trumper April 2011
Impact of the Temporary Foreign Worker (TFW) Program on the Labour Market in Alberta Report presents the findings of a province-wide consultation conducted examining the effects of the TFW program on the labour market in Alberta. Teresa Woo-Paw, Parliamentary Assistant to the Minister of Employment and Immigration 2011
Canadian Issues Temporary Foreign Workers  Quarterly publication with Temporary Foreign Workers theme for Spring 2010 issue. Canadian Issues Spring 2010, Association for Canadian Studies Spring 2010
Do Short-Term Economic Needs Prevail over Human Rights Concerns? Examines Canadian and Alberta approaches to integrating and protecting Temporary Foreign Workers. Delphine Nakache and Paula J. Kinoshita, Institute for Research on Public Policy (IRPP) May 2010
Temporary Foreign Workers: A Guide for Employees Basic information on the Temporary Foreign Worker program. Government of Alberta 2010
Maytree Policy in Focus: Low-Skilled Temporary Foreign Worker Program Appraisal of the Temporary Foreign Worker program and a proposal for reform. Maytree December 2009
Report of the Auditor General of Canada- Chapter 2: Selecting Foreign Workers Under the Immigration Program Assessment of Canada’s immigration program, including the Temporary Foreign Worker program. Office of the Auditor General of Canada Fall 2009
Temporary Foreign Workers and Regional Labour Market Disparities in Canada Role of Temporary Foreign Worker program in maintaining regional labour market disparities. Dominique M. Grossand and Nicolas Schmitt, Metropolis British Columbia/Simon Fraser University June 2009
Temporary Foreign Workers and Regional Labour Market Disparities in Canada: Policy Briefing Notes Summarized findings and implications of report. Dominique M. Grossand and Nicolas Schmitt, Metropolis British Columbia/Simon Fraser University June 2009
Temporary Foreign Workers and Non-Status Workers Review of Temporary Foreign Worker program, along with impacts and recommendations. Report of the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration, House of Commons May 2009
Entrenching Exploitation Analysis of current conditions and long-term implications. Second Report of the AFL Temporary Foreign Worker Advocate, Alberta Federation of Labour April 2009

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